Employers and any third-party processing companies are limited in how they can process personal data. You can only collect candidate data that is absolutely necessary to assess their suitability and skills for the job. For example, you are only allowed to process a person’s criminal prosecutions and convictions if it’s necessary for the job or for reaching a decision on recruitment. All data can only be collected directly from the candidate.
Laws Against Discrimination in Greece
The Constitution and Greek and European Law also provide provisions for eliminating discrimination. You cannot hire an employee based on their racial or ethnic origin, religion or beliefs, disability, age, or sexual orientation. Greek compliance laws also prohibit publishing vacancies that reflect an intention to discriminate. All criteria for hiring an employee must be clear and be relevant to the job.
Greek law also requires equal opportunities and treatment of men and women at work.
How to Hire Employees in Greece
To start an employment relationship, you need to legally register with the right social insurance foundation. Then, you need to complete a hiring document with the employee’s personal information and job information. Once you and the employee sign the document, you need to submit it to the authorities on or before the first day of employment.
Your recruiting efforts in Greece will only be successful if you understand where to find local talent. The most popular job sites include kariera.gr, skywalker.gr, xe.gr, and Indeed.com. Employers should also notify Greece’s public employment service, the Greek Manpower Employment Organisation, of any vacancies.
Greece’s unemployment rate is high, which gives you a greater supply of labor. However, it can take a long time to comb through all the applications to find the most suitable candidate.
Greeks typically expect a short application process — approximately 22 days. Therefore, it’s important to provide an easy application and ensure all recruiters are accessible. While staffing your business in Greece, you may be eligible for a labor-cost subsidy program to help people under 25 or individuals who are unemployed long-term find work, thereby reducing your labor expenses.
Recruiting and hiring employees for your company’s new location in Greece is an exciting milestone, but the process doesn’t come without challenges. You need to learn all of Greece’s employment compliance laws, find the right candidates for your skilled positions, and continue to run your new location. Globalization Partners can help take some of the stress out of compliance and hiring through our Greece hiring outsourcing services. Using our Employer of Record solution, we’ll hire employees who work on your behalf and ensure you stay compliant throughout the process.
Greece is known for being a beautiful country, and it has a growing startup sector. However, it’s challenging for non-EU and EEA citizens to get a job or a work visa in the country.
Types of Work Visas in Greece
Greece has two overarching categories of work visas — short stay “C” visas and long stay “D” visas. Short stay visas allow people to go through or stay in the Schengen area for up to 90 days uninterrupted or 90 days counted in stages over 180 days. Most people choose this visa for:
- Family visits
- Short business trips
- Conferences, exhibitions, fairs, or shows
- Board of directors’ or general meetings
- Providing services within the same business group
Your employees will most likely need a long stay or D visa that allows them to enter Greece and apply for a residence permit. Work visas in this category have a maximum validity of a year. Anyone with a D visa must apply for a residence permit immediately after entering the country.
The most common reasons individuals get this visa include:
Requirements to Obtain Greece Work Visas
Your employees will need to put together all the required documents in addition to their application to obtain a work visa in Greece. These include:
- Fully completed D visa application form in English or Greek
- Passport valid for at least three months after the expiration date of the D visa
- Copies of data page and residence permit
- A recent passport-size color photo not older than six months
- Travel medical insurance valid for the D visa’s period
- A medical fitness certificate
- A copy of the applicant’s criminal record
After getting a working visa, your employees must obtain a work permit in Greece to legally work for your company. You, as the employer, must be locally licensed and incorporated. Then, you can get a work permit on behalf of the employee. Work permits now include residence permits, which means employees only need a work permit and a long stay visa to legally live and work in the country. Work permits are usually employer-, occupation-, and location-specific and are typically valid for a year.
Within 30 days of arriving in Greece, your employees must go to their local municipal office or police station and apply for a work permit in-person. The work permit they need depends on what position they have, and this can also impact how long the permit will be valid. The basic application steps include:
- Obtaining a tax number from the local tax office and a social security number from the Social Security Institute
- Filling out a residence permit form in Greek and submitting in-person or through a certified lawyer with power of attorney
- Showing a copy of a visa, passport, passport photos, certificate of medical insurance, and a
- Health certificate from a state hospital
- Proving a local address, ability to support oneself, and payment of the required fee
After completing these steps, your employees will get a blue form that acts as a receipt showing the application is being processed. They can begin working for you as soon as they get this form.
Conclusion: Other Important Considerations
Your employees will need to renew their work permit at their local municipal office or prefecture at least 60 days before it expires. They need a valid passport, photocopies of the passport’s pages, certified copy of the original work permit, a completed application form, and possibly more depending on the type of permit.